alternative ways of reducing crime
ter and more cost-effective ways of reducing crime than prisons
This course will introduce students to criminology and the criminal justice system. The course will cover a wide range of criminological topics, including descriptions of crimes and criminals, the major elements and functions of the criminal justice system, and explanations of criminal behavior and ways of reducing crime. The course is taught from a sociological perspective and, as such, will examine the aspects of crime, law, and justice that reflect social institutions; display the functioning (or dys-functioning) of social systems; and examine how social factors, such as population demographics, ecological factors, questions of deviance, power, and social forces impact and alter out understandings of crime and how we structure our criminal justice system. In addition, we will explore a number of topical issues that are currently of great interest to criminologists, with an eye toward debating the relative merits and deficits of how the public, policy makers, researchers, and media outlets present and attempt to resolve these issues.
What are the least and most affective ways of reducing crime
In fact it is, at bottom, the same strategy. If you can devise ways of reducing crime that work dramatically, most police officers will find success so gratifying that their own self-image, their pride in being part of a winning organization, will serve as an internal bar to misbehavior. If you set up a managerial structure that keeps everyone focused on the department's core crime-reducing mission, that in itself will go far to controlling officers. And if you make sure officers have the legal tools to do the job properly, they won't feel pressure to exceed their authority, and they won't develop the cynicism that comes from trying to do a job whose requirements are in irreconcilable conflict.