Modernization and Dependency Theory - StudyMode
threatens by economic sanctions or even military intervention from the part of developed countries (Schelkle, 231). In such a way, unlike Modernization theory, Dependency theory does not view the choice in favor of western way of development as the panacea from all problems or as a conscious choice that is really supported by the population and elite of developing countries but such westernization of developing countries is viewed as a violent interference of developed countries in the life of the Third world. Naturally, such a policy leads to the growing dependence of developing countries on developed ones and, therefore, makes the socio-economic breakthrough impossible. In contrast, Modernization theory believes in its possibility due to the modernization of socioeconomic and political life of developing countries and their closer cooperation with developed countries, which is supposed to be a conscious and willing act of developing countries looking for ways to prosperity. Conclusion Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is possible to conclude that Modernization theory and Dependency theory are similar in their views on the modern world. To put it more precisely, both theories admit the leadership of western countries and their currently dominant position in the modern world, while undeveloped countries are characterized by socio-economic and political backwardness. At the same time, the two theories agree that the cooperation between western countries and developing countries is constantly growing and leads to their integration. However, it is necessary to underline that Modernization theory views such cooperation and integration as a conscious and voluntary act from the part of developing countries, for which modernization in the western style is the only way to overcome the existing backwardness, while supporters of Dependency theory argue that such cooperation and integration is imposed to developing countries by more advanced western countries, which simply attempt to benefit from their cooperation with developing countries and their westernization becomes a way of the establishment of control over and growing dependence of developing countries on developed ones. Regardless, the existing differences, both theories still raise a very important problem of relationships between developed and developing countries and the dominance of western countries and western civilization in the modern world.
Modernization and Dependency Theory - Sophia
3.4 Modernization and Dependency Theories - YouTube
First of all, it should be said that Dependency theory was developed in response to Modernization theory out of sheer criticism of the latter theory by the supporters of Dependency theory. Naturally, this fact determined the principal difference between these theories, but, nevertheless, there are still certain similarities between Modernization and Dependency theories. Speaking about the similarities, it is primarily necessary to point out that both theories pay a lot of attention to the gap existing between developed countries and undeveloped ones belonging to the third world. To put it more precisely, Modernization and Dependency theory stand on the ground that Western countries are the world leaders due to their higher level of development, which affects practically all spheres of life, including economic, political, social, and even cultural life (Leys, 210). As a result, there exist a strong link between developed and developing countries. Furthermore both theories...
Modernization and Dependency Theory - Term Paper Warehouse
Modernization and dependency theories, which dominated between 1945 and 1980s, are viewed as competing perspectives that explain developmental issues such as underdevelopment, inequality and poverty (Greig, Hulme & Turner, 2007, p. 73). Indeed, they both have something different to say or more or less to say about the highlighted issues. The modernization theory sees poverty and underdevelopment as a result of a traditional society system (Greig, et al., 2007). The typical characteristics of a traditional society are its stagnancy, unchanging “status quo”, dominance of spiritual values, unprogressive and not innovative nature, and its subsistence ways of living (Isbister, 2001). A pure subsistence way of living does not involve money exchange and opportunities for capital accumulation. Therefore, from the “economic growth” perspective, such system does not allow one to get out of poverty, as poverty is measured in income terms.